Mu il continente perduto: un libro di James Churchward che racconta la storia di una civiltÃ scomparsa
Mu il continente perduto Ã¨ un libro scritto dal colonnello britannico James Churchward (1851-1936), pubblicato nel 1926, che narra la storia di una leggendaria civiltÃ che avrebbe abitato un continente situato nell'Oceano Pacifico prima della sua distruzione.
Churchward si basÃ² sulle teorie di Augustus Le Plongeon (1825-1908), un antiquario che aveva studiato le rovine maya in YucatÃ¡n e che aveva identificato il "Land of Mu" con l'Atlantide. Le Plongeon a sua volta si era ispirato a Charles Ãtienne Brasseur de Bourbourg (1814-1874), un sacerdote e storico francese che aveva interpretato erroneamente una parola del Codice Troano (ora chiamato Codice Madrid), uno dei pochi manoscritti maya sopravvissuti, come il nome di un continente sommerso da una catastrofe.
Churchward affermÃ² di aver scoperto delle antichissime tavolette in India e Tibet che attestavano l'esistenza di Mu e della sua avanzata cultura. Secondo Churchward, Mu era il luogo di origine dell'umanitÃ e la madre di tutte le civiltÃ , comprese quelle dell'Egitto, della Mesopotamia, dell'India, della Cina e dell'America. Mu avrebbe avuto una popolazione di circa 64 milioni di abitanti e una superficie di circa 8 milioni di chilometri quadrati. Mu sarebbe stata distrutta da una serie di eruzioni vulcaniche e terremoti circa 12.000 anni fa e i suoi resti sarebbero oggi visibili nelle isole del Pacifico.
Se siete interessati a leggere il libro di Churchward, potete scaricarlo gratuitamente in formato pdf dal sito Internet Archive[^1^]. Se invece volete approfondire la storia e la critica del mito di Mu, potete consultare la voce dedicata su Wikipedia[^2^] o il libro "Lost Continents" (1954) di L. Sprague de Camp.
James Churchward [ edit] James Churchward (1851â1936), a British colonel who served in India, was a writer, inventor, and engineer. He claimed to have gained access to secret libraries in India and Tibet, where he learned about the lost continent of Mu from ancient tablets written in a language called Naacal. He also claimed to have met a high-ranking priest who taught him how to read the tablets.  Churchward developed his own theory of Mu, which he published in several books, such as The Lost Continent of Mu (1926), The Children of Mu (1931), and The Sacred Symbols of Mu (1933). According to Churchward, Mu was the original home of mankind and the source of all ancient civilizations. He claimed that Mu had a population of about 64 million people and an area of about 8 million square kilometers. He located Mu in the Pacific Ocean and suggested that its remnants could be seen in Easter Island, Hawaii, New Zealand, and other islands. He also speculated that some ancient structures, such as Stonehenge, the Egyptian pyramids, and the statues of Easter Island, were built by the survivors of Mu's destruction.  Churchward's books were popular among the general public but were rejected by scientists and scholars. His sources and methods were dubious and his claims were contradicted by geological, archaeological, and linguistic evidence. There is no trace of any Naacal language or tablets, nor any proof that Mu ever existed or influenced other cultures. Churchward's maps of Mu were inconsistent and unrealistic, showing a continent that spanned almost the entire Pacific Ocean. His theory also ignored the fact that human evolution began in Africa, not in a sunken continent.  Other proponents [ edit] After Churchward, other writers and mystics continued to promote the idea of Mu as a lost continent with a rich history and culture. Some of them were influenced by Theosophy, a movement founded by Helena Blavatsky (1831â1891) that combined elements of Eastern and Western religions and occultism. Blavatsky had introduced the concept of Lemuria, another hypothetical lost continent that she located in the Indian Ocean. She claimed that Lemuria was the home of the third root race of humanity, which had psychic powers and lived alongside dinosaurs. She also said that Lemuria was destroyed by volcanic eruptions and sank beneath the waves.  Some Theosophists identified Lemuria with Mu or considered them as two separate continents that existed at different times. For example, William Scott-Elliot (1849â1919) wrote The Story of Atlantis (1896) and The Lost Lemuria (1904), where he described the geography, flora, fauna, and people of these lost lands based on his clairvoyant visions. He also traced the migrations and interactions of their inhabitants with other civilizations.  Another Theosophist who wrote about Mu was James Morgan Pryse (1859â1942), who published The Apocalypse Unsealed (1910) based on his translation of the Book of Revelation using a Greek gematria system. He claimed that Mu was a continent in the Pacific Ocean that was inhabited by a race of tall white people who practiced magic. He also claimed that Mu had colonies in Atlantis, Egypt, India, and America. He said that Mu was destroyed by fire when its inhabitants misused their powers and provoked a war with Atlantis.  ec8f644aee